Poulan Lawn Mower 178108 User Guide

IMPORTANT MANUAL  
Do Not Throw Away  
WARNING:  
Read this Owner's Manual and  
follow all Warnings and Safety  
Instructions. Failure to do so can  
result in serious injury.  
OWNER'S MANUAL  
MODEL:  
PRK17G42STB  
LAWN TRACTOR  
178108 1.10.01 RD  
Always Wear Eye Protection During Operation  
Printed in U.S.A.  
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SAFETY RULES  
Safe Operation Practices for Ride-On Mowers  
Check brake operation frequently. Adjust and service  
Look for this symbol to point out im-  
portant safety precautions. It means  
CAUTION!!! BECOMEALERT!!! YOUR  
SAFETY IS INVOLVED.  
asrequired.  
Be sure the area is clear of other people before mowing. Stop  
machine if anyone enters the area.  
Never carry passengers or children even with the blades off.  
Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely necessary. Always  
look down and behind before and while backing.  
Never carry children. They may fall off and be seriously  
injured or interfere with safe machine operation.  
Keep children out of the mowing area and under the watchful  
care of another responsible adult.  
Be alert and turn machine off if children enter the area.  
Before and when backing, look behind and down for small  
children.  
CAUTION: Inordertopreventacciden-  
talstartingwhensettingup,transport-  
ing, adjusting or making repairs, al-  
ways disconnect spark plug wire and  
placewirewhereitcannotcontactspark  
plug.  
Mow up and down slopes (15° Max), not across.  
Remove obstacles such as rocks, tree limbs, etc.  
Watch for holes, ruts, or bumps. Uneven terrain could over-  
turn the machine. Tall grass can hide obstacles.  
CAUTION: Do not coast down a hill in  
neutral, you may lose control of the  
tractor.  
Use slow speed. Choose a low gear so that you will not have  
to stop or shift while on the slope.  
Avoid starting or stopping on a slope. If tires lose traction,  
disengage the blades and proceed slowly straight down the  
slope.  
If machine stops while going uphill, disengage blades, shift  
into reverse and back down slowly.  
Donotturnonslopesunlessnecessary, andthen, turnslowly  
and gradually downhill, if possible.  
CAUTION: Tow only the attachments  
that are recommended by and comply  
withspecificationsofthemanufacturer  
of your tractor. Use common sense  
when towing. Operate only at the low-  
est possible speed when on a slope.  
Too heavy of a load, while on a slope,  
is dangerous. Tires can lose traction  
with the ground and cause you to lose  
control of your tractor.  
WARNING  
Engine exhaust, some of its constituents, and cer-  
tain vehicle components contain or emit chemicals  
knowntotheStateofCaliforniatocausecancerand  
birth defects or other reproductive harm.  
WARNING  
Battery posts, terminals and related accessories  
containleadandleadcompounds,chemicalsknown  
to the State of California to cause cancer and birth  
defects or other reproductive harm. Wash hands  
afterhandling.  
TABLE OF CONTENTS  
SAFETY RULES ...................................................... 2 - 3  
PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS ....................................... 4  
CUSTOMER RESPONSIBILITIES ................... 4, 14 - 17  
ASSEMBLY.............................................................. 6 - 8  
OPERATION........................................................... 9 - 13  
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE....................................... 14  
SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS .......................... 18 - 23  
STORAGE ................................................................... 24  
TROUBLESHOOTING .......................................... 25 - 26  
REPAIR PARTS ................................................... 28 - 43  
WARRANTY ................................................................ 45  
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CONGRATULATIONS onyourpurchaseofanewtractor. It  
has been designed, engineered and manufactured to give  
you the best possible dependability and performance.  
PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS  
GASOLINE CAPACITY  
AND TYPE:  
2.00 GALLONS  
UNLEADED REGULAR  
Should you experience any problem you cannot easily  
remedy, please contact your nearest authorized service  
centre/department. Wehavecompetent,well-trainedtech-  
nicians and the proper tools to service or repair this tractor.  
OIL TYPE (API-SF-SJ):  
SAE 10W-30 (above 32°F)  
SAE 5W-30 (below 32°F)  
OIL CAPACITY:  
W/FILTER: 4.5  
W/O FILTER: 4.0  
Please read and retain this manual. The instructions will  
enable you to assemble and maintain your tractor properly.  
Always observe the SAFETY RULES.  
SPARK PLUG:  
(GAP: .030")  
CHAMPION RC12YC  
CUSTOMER RESPONSIBILITIES  
GROUND SPEED (MPH): FORWARD:  
Read and observe the safety rules.  
1st  
1.2  
1.5  
2.4  
3.5  
4.8  
5.3  
2nd  
3rd  
4th  
5th  
6th  
Followaregularscheduleinmaintaining,caringforand  
using your tractor.  
Follow the instructions under Customer Responsibili-  
tiesand Storagesections of this owners manual.  
REVERSE: 1.5  
WARNING: This tractor is equipped with an internal com-  
bustion engine and should not be used on or near any  
unimproved forest-covered, brush-covered or grass-cov-  
ered land unless the engines exhaust system is equipped  
with a spark arrester meeting applicable local or state laws  
(if any). If a spark arrester is used, it should be maintained  
in effective working order by the operator.  
TIRE PRESSURE:  
FRONT: 14 PSI  
REAR: 10 PSI  
CHARGING SYSTEM:  
BATTERY:  
15 AMPS@3600 RPM  
AMP/HR:  
25  
MIN. CCA:  
190  
A spark arrester for the muffler is available through your  
nearest authorized service centre/department (See RE-  
PAIR PARTS section of this manual).  
CASE SIZE: U1R  
BLADE BOLT TORQUE:  
27-35 FT. LBS.  
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CONTENTS OF HARDWARE PACK  
Steering Wheel  
Seat  
Steering  
Extension  
Shaft  
(1) Hex Bolt  
3/8-16 x 1  
(1) Washer  
17/32 x 1-3/16 x 12 Gauge  
Steering  
Wheel Insert  
(1) Knob  
Steering  
Sleeve  
(1) Large Flat  
Washer  
(1) Oil Drain Tube  
For Future Use  
(1) Lock  
washer 3/8  
Slope Sheet  
Keys  
(2) Keys  
(1) Locknut  
5/16-18  
Steering  
Wheel Adapter  
(2) Mulcher Blades  
(1) Hex Bolt 5/16-18 x 1-1/4  
5
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ASSEMBLY  
Yournewtractorhasbeenassembledatthefactorywithexceptionofthosepartsleftunassembledforshippingpurposes. To  
ensure safe and proper operation of your tractor all parts and hardware you assemble must be tightened securely. Use the  
correct tools as necessary to insure proper tightness.  
TOOLS REQUIRED FOR ASSEMBLY  
INSERT  
A socket wrench set will make assembly easier. Standard  
wrench sizes are listed.  
(2) 1/2" wrenches  
(2) 9/16" wrench  
Pliers  
Utility knife  
Tirepressuregauge  
3/8 HEX BOLT  
3/8 LOCK WASHER  
Whenrightorlefthandismentionedinthismanual,itmeans  
when you are in the operating position (seated behind the  
steeringwheel).  
LARGE FLAT  
WASHER  
TO REMOVE TRACTOR FROM CARTON  
UNPACK CARTON  
Remove all accessible loose parts and parts cartons  
from carton.  
Cut, from top to bottom, along lines on all four corners  
of carton, and lay panels flat.  
Check for any additional loose parts or cartons and  
remove.  
STEERING  
WHEEL  
STEERING  
BOOT  
TABS  
BEFORE REMOVING TRACTOR FROM  
SKID  
ADAPTER  
EXTENSION  
SHAFT  
ATTACH STEERING WHEEL (See Fig. 1)  
ASSEMBLE EXTENSION SHAFT AND BOOT  
Slide extension shaft onto lower steering shaft. Align  
mountingholesinextensionandlowershaftsandinstall  
5/16 hex bolt and locknut. Tighten securely.  
5/16 HEX  
BOLT  
5/16  
LOCKNUT  
Place tabs of steering boot over tab slots in dash and  
push down to secure.  
INSTALL STEERING WHEEL  
TAB  
SLOTS  
Position front wheels of the tractor so they are pointing  
straightforward.  
Removesteeringwheeladapterfromsteeringwheeland  
slide adapter onto steering shaft extension.  
Positionsteeringwheelsocrossbarsarehorizontal(left  
to right) and slide inside boot and onto adapter.  
Assemble large flat washer, 3/8 lock washer, 3/8 hex  
bolt and tighten securely.  
LOWER  
STEERING  
SHAFT  
FIG. 1  
Snapsteeringwheelinsertintocenterofsteeringwheel.  
Removeprotectivematerialsfromtractorhoodandgrill.  
HOW TO SET UP YOUR TRACTOR  
IMPORTANT: CHECK FOR AND REMOVE ANY STAPLES  
IN SKID THAT MAY PUNCTURE TIRES WHERE TRACTOR  
IS TO ROLL OFF SKID.  
CHECK BATTERY (See Fig. 2)  
Lift seat pan to raised position and open battery box  
door.  
If this battery is put into service after month and year  
indicated on label (label located between terminals)  
charge battery for minimum of one hour at 6-10 amps.  
(See"BATTERY"inCUSTOMERRESPONSIBILITIES  
section of this manual for charging instructions).  
6
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ASSEMBLY  
NOTE: You may now roll or drive your tractor off the skid.  
Follow the appropriate instruction below to remove the  
tractor from the skid.  
SEAT PAN  
TO ROLL TRACTOR OFF SKID (See Opera-  
tion section, page 10, for location and  
function of controls)  
LABEL  
BATTERY  
BOX DOOR  
Press lift lever plunger and raise attachment lift lever to  
its highest position.  
TERMINAL  
TERMINAL  
Releaseparkingbrakebydepressingclutch/brakepedal.  
Place gearshift lever in neutral (N) position.  
Roll tractor forward off skid.  
Remove banding holding deflector shield up against  
tractor.  
FIG. 2  
TO DRIVE TRACTOR OFF SKID (See Opera-  
tion section, page 10, for location and func-  
tion of controls)  
WARNING:Beforestarting,read,understandandfollow  
all instructions in the Operation section of this manual. Be  
sure tractor is in a well-ventilated area. Be sure the area in  
front of tractor is clear of other people and objects.  
INSTALL SEAT (See Fig. 3)  
Adjust seat before tightening adjustment knob.  
Removeadjustmentknobandflatwashersecuringseat  
tocardboardpackingandsetasideforassemblyofseat  
to tractor.  
Pivot seat upward and remove from the cardboard  
packing. Remove the cardboard packing and discard.  
Place seat on seat pan so head of shoulder bolt is  
positioned over large slotted hole in pan.  
Push down on seat to engage shoulder bolt in slot and  
pull seat towards rear of tractor.  
Pivot seat and pan forward and assemble adjustment  
knob and flat washer loosely. Do not tighten.  
Lower seat into operating position and sit on seat.  
Slide seat until a comfortable position is reached which  
allowsyoutopressclutch/brakepedalallthewaydown.  
Get off seat without moving its adjusted position.  
Raise seat and tighten adjustment knob securely.  
Be sure all the above assembly steps have been  
completed.  
Check engine oil level and fill fuel tank with gasoline.  
Sit on seat in operating position, depress clutch/brake  
pedal and set the parking brake.  
Place gear shift lever in neutral (N) position.  
Press lift lever plunger and raise attachment lift lever to  
its highest position.  
Starttheengine.Afterenginehasstarted,movethrottle  
control to idle position.  
Depress clutch/brake pedal into full BRAKEposition  
and hold. Move gearshift lever to 1st gear.  
Slowly release clutch/brake pedal and slowly drive  
tractor off skid.  
Applybraketostoptractor, setparkingbrakeandplace  
gearshift lever in neutral position.  
SEAT  
Turn ignition key to OFFposition.  
Continue with the instructions that follow.  
SEAT PAN  
SHOULDER  
BOLT  
FLAT WASHER  
ADJUSTMENT  
KNOB  
FIG. 3  
7
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ASSEMBLY  
CHECK TIRE PRESSURE  
The tires on your tractor were overinflated at the factory for  
shipping purposes. Correct tire pressure is important for  
best cutting performance.  
IMPORTANT: FOR SHIPPING PURPOSES, THE  
MULCHER PLATE WAS PREATTACHED TO YOUR  
MOWER. THE MULCHER PLATE MUST ONLY BE USED  
WITH THE MULCHING BLADES THAT CAME PACKED  
SEPARATELY IN THE CARTON.  
Reduce tire pressure to PSI shown in PRODUCT  
SPECIFICATIONSsection of this manual.  
YOUR MOWER CAME FACTORY EQUIPPED WITH HIGH  
PERFORMANCE BLADES, WHICH ARE THE BEST  
BLADES FOR BAGGING AND DISCHARGING. TO USE  
YOUR MOWER WITH THE HIGH PERFORMANCE BLADES  
THE MULCHER PLATE MUST BE REMOVED FROM THE  
MOWER (SEE FIG. 4).  
CHECK DECK LEVELNESS  
For best cutting results, mower housing should be properly  
leveled. SeeTOLEVELMOWERHOUSINGintheService  
and Adjustments section of this manual.  
CHECK FOR PROPER POSITION OF ALL  
BELTS  
See the figures that are shown for replacing motion and  
mower blade drive belts in the Service and Adjustments  
section of this manual. Verify that the belts are routed  
correctly.  
TO SET UP YOUR MOWER FOR MULCHING  
Remove high performance blades and install mulcher  
blades, (see BLADE REMOVAL in the CUSTOMER  
RESPONSABILITY section of this manual).  
TO INSTALL MULCHER PLATE (See Fig. 4)  
NOTE:Ifyouinstalledthemulchingbladesyouwillneedtoinstall  
themulcherplate.  
CHECK BRAKE SYSTEM  
Afteryoulearnhowtooperateyourtractor,checktoseethat  
the brake is properly adjusted. See TO ADJUST BRAKE”  
in the Service and Adjustments section of this manual.  
Raise and hold deflector shield in upright position.  
Place front of mulcher plate over front of mower deck  
opening and slide into place, as shown.  
Hook front latch into hole on front of mower deck.  
Hook rear latch into hole on back of mower deck.  
CHECKLIST  
BEFOREYOUOPERATEANDENJOYYOURNEW TRAC-  
TOR, WE WISH TO ASSURE THAT YOU RECEIVE THE  
BESTPERFORMANCEANDSATISFACTIONFROMTHIS  
QUALITYPRODUCT.  
CAUTION:Donotremovedeflectorshield  
frommower.Raiseandholdshieldwhen  
attaching mulcher plate and allow it to  
rest on plate while in operation.  
PLEASE REVIEW THE FOLLOWING CHECKLIST:  
All assembly instructions have been completed.  
No remaining loose parts in carton.  
DEFLECTOR  
SHIELD  
MULCHER  
PLATE  
Batteryisproperlypreparedandcharged. (Minimum1  
hour at 6 amps).  
Seat is adjusted comfortably and tightened securely.  
All tires are properly inflated. (For shipping purposes,  
the tires were overinflated at the factory).  
Be sure mower deck is properly leveled side-to-side/  
front-to-rear for best cutting results. (Tires must be  
properly inflated for leveling).  
LATCH  
HOOKS  
Check mower and drive belts. Be sure they are routed  
properly around pulleys and inside all belt keepers.  
Check wiring. See that all connections are still secure  
and wires are properly clamped.  
FIG. 4  
TO CONVERT TO BAGGING OR  
DISCHARGING  
NOTE:Themulcherbladeswilldischargeandbaggrass,but  
forbestbagginganddischarginginstallthehighperformance  
WHILELEARNINGHOWTOUSEYOURTRACTOR,PAY  
EXTRA ATTENTION TO THE FOLLOWING IMPORTANT  
ITEMS:  
Engine oil is at proper level.  
Fuel tank is filled with fresh, clean, regular unleaded  
gasoline.  
Become familiar with all controls - their location and  
function. Operate them before you start the engine.  
Be sure brake system is in safe operating condition.  
blades.  
Remove mulcher plate and mulcher blades and install  
highperformanceblades,(seeBLADEREMOVALinthe  
CUSTOMERRESPONSABILITYsectionofthismanual).  
Storemulcherbladesandmulcherplateinasafeplace.  
Your mower is now ready for discharging or installation  
of optional grass catcher accessory.  
8
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OPERATION  
These symbols may appear on your tractor or in literature supplied with the product. Learn and understand their meaning.  
BATTERY  
CAUTION OR  
WARNING  
REVERSE  
FORWARD  
FAST  
SLOW  
LIGHTS ON  
OVER TEMP  
LIGHT  
ENGINE ON  
ENGINE OFF  
OIL PRESSURE  
PARKING BRAKE  
LOCKED  
UNLOCKED  
MOWER LIFT  
FUEL  
CHOKE  
MOWER HEIGHT  
P
ATTACHMENT  
CLUTCH ENGAGED  
REVERSE  
NEUTRAL  
HIGH  
LOW  
PARKING BRAKE  
15  
15  
15  
KEEP AREA CLEAR  
SLOPE HAZARDS  
ATTACHMENT  
CLUTCH DISENGAGED  
(SEE SAFETY RULES SECTION)  
IGNITION  
FREE WHEEL  
(Automatic Models only)  
DANGER, KEEP HANDS AND FEET AWAY  
9
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OPERATION  
KNOW YOUR TRACTOR  
READ THIS OWNER'S MANUAL AND SAFETY RULES BEFORE OPERATING YOUR TRACTOR  
Comparetheillustrationswithyourtractortofamiliarizeyourselfwiththelocationsofvariouscontrolsandadjustments. Save  
this manual for future reference.  
IGNITION  
SWITCH  
LIGHT SWITCH  
POSITION  
ATTACHMENT  
CLUTCH LEVER  
AMMETER  
THROTTLE/  
CHOKE  
CONTROL  
LIFT LEVER  
PLUNGER  
ATTACHMENT  
LIFT LEVER  
CLUTCH/  
BRAKE  
PEDAL  
PARKING  
BRAKE  
HEIGHT  
ADJUSTMENT  
KNOB  
GEAR SHIFT  
LEVER  
FIG. 5  
Our tractors conform to the safety standards of the American National Standards Institute.  
GEARSHIFT LEVER - Selects the speed and direction of  
ATTACHMENT CLUTCH LEVER: Used to engage the  
the tractor.  
mowerblades,orotherattachmentsmountedtoyourtractor.  
LIGHT SWITCH: Turns the headlights on and off.  
THROTTLE/CHOKE CONTROL: Used for starting and  
controllingenginespeed.  
ATTACHMENT LIFT LEVER: Used to raise, lower, and  
adjustthemowerdeckorotherattachmentsmountedtoyour  
tractor.  
LIFT LEVER PLUNGER: Used to release attachment lift  
lever when changing its position.  
CLUTCH/BRAKEPEDAL: Usedfordeclutchingandbrak-  
ing the tractor and starting the engine.  
IGNITION SWITCH: Used for starting and stopping the  
engine.  
PARKINGBRAKE:Locksclutch/brakepedalintothebrake  
position.  
AMMETER - Indicates charging (+) or discharging (-) of  
battery.  
HEIGHTADJUSTMENTKNOB-Usedtoadjustthemower  
cutting height.  
10  
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OPERATION  
Theoperationofanytractorcan resultinforeignobjectsthrownintotheeyes,whichcan  
resultinsevereeyedamage. Alwayswearsafetyglassesoreyeshieldswhileoperating  
your tractor or performing any adjustments or repairs. We recommend a wide vision  
safetymaskoverspectaclesorstandardsafetyglasses.  
NOTE: Undercertainconditionswhentractorisstandingidle  
HOW TO USE YOUR TRACTOR  
with the engine running, hot engine exhaust gases may  
cause browningof grass. To eliminate this possibility,  
always stop engine when stopping tractor on grass areas.  
TO SET PARKING BRAKE (See Fig. 6)  
Yourtractorisequippedwithanoperatorpresencesensing  
switch. Whenengineisrunning,anyattemptbytheoperator  
to leave the seat without first setting the parking brake will  
shut off the engine.  
CAUTION: Always stop tractor com-  
pletely,asdescribedabove,beforeleav-  
ing the operator's position; to empty  
grasscatcher,etc.  
Depress clutch/brake pedal into full BRAKEposition  
andhold.  
Place parking brake lever